DIBELS are a series of short tests given to children in kindergarten through third grade to screen and monitor their progress in learning the necessary skills to become successful readers. Many elementary schools in Florida are using DIBELS as part of their Reading First grant and to meet the reading requirements of No Child Left Behind.
All DIBELS measures are timed with most taking only one minute. The reason for the timing is to find out if a child is able to answer the questions automatically and not take a long time to think about how to answer the questions or read the words correctly. Having these basic reading skills at the automatic level allows children to focus on understanding the meaning of what they are reading. This is the primary goal for all Florida's children.
Kindergarten and first-grade students are given a page with letters and asked to name each one. This test tells us if the child is likely to struggle or be a successful reader in the future.It only takes one minute to give this test.
By the middle of kindergarten, children should be able to say or recognize the beginning sounds in words automatically.To measure this with DIBELS, students are given a page with four pictures. They are asked to find the picture that starts with a particular sound or to say the beginning or initial sound in a word. It takes about three minutes to give this test.
This is a measure of children's awareness of the many sounds that make up words we speak.It is given to kindergarten and first-grade students and is a skill that should be mastered by the end of kindergarten. The child is told a word like "cat" and asked to say all of the sounds in the word. There are three sounds in "cat." It takes only one minute to give this test.
The ability to blend together the sounds represented by letters to make words is an important skill in learning to read. This skill helps children in kindergarten, first and second grade to use their knowledge of the relationship between letters and sounds to read unfamiliar words. Children are shown a page of make-believe words, like "tob" or "miv," and asked to read them by saying the individual sound of each letter in the word or the whole word itself. It takes only one minute to give this test.
This is a measure of how fluently and accurately children can read passages written at their grade level.This is given throughout the first, second, and third grades. Children are given three passages and asked to read each one aloud for one minute. Children who read accurately and fluently are better able to understand what they read.
If your child is just beginning to learn to read
At home, you can help your child by...
- Practicing the sounds of language. Read books with rhymes. Teach your child rhymes, short poems, and songs. Play simple word games: How many words can you make up that sound like the word"bat"?
- Helping your child take spoken words apart and put them together. Help your child separate the sounds in words, listen for beginning and ending sounds, and put separate sounds together.Practicing the alphabet by pointing out letters wherever you see them and by reading alphabet books
- Practicing the alphabet by pointing out letters wherever you see them and by reading alphabet books
If your child is just beginning to read
At home you can help your child by...
- Pointing out the letter-sound relationships your child is learning on labels, boxes, newspapers,magazines and signs.
- Listening to your child read words and books from school. Be patient and listen as your child practices. Let your child know you are proud of his reading.
If your child is reading
At home you can help your child by...
- Rereading familiar books. Children need practice in reading comfortably and with expression using books they know.
- Building reading accuracy. As your child is reading aloud, point out words he missed and help him read words correctly. If you stop to focus on a word, have our child reread the whole sentence to be sure he understands the meaning.
- Building reading comprehension. Talk with your child about what she is reading. Ask about new words. Talk about what happened in a story. Ask about the characters, places, and events that took place. Ask what new information she has learned from the book. Encourage her to read on her own.
From "Put Reading First" 2000
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development - United States Department of Education